How Can Obesity Cause Diabetes Mellitus? 2 Reasons

Diabetes Mellitus more commonly known as diabetes is a worldwide disease which is growing at an alarming rate. Many people around the word are affected by this disease regardless of gender, culture and race. Diabetes Mellitus is not curable but patients can be treated with proper medication and researchers are trying to find a connection between obesity and diabetes. The simple reason is because lots of obese people develop this disease at some point in their lives.

Before digging deeper into this article, it's important to understand what is diabetes and its causes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease which is triggered by the following:

(1) Your pancreas does not produce and secrete enough insulin. Insulin is a protein hormone which regulates stable blood glucose/sugar levels by allowing your cells to make use of that sugar as a major source of energy. When insulin deficiency occurs, you're at risk of getting high levels of blood sugar known as hyperglycemia and diabetes type 1 thereafter. Two common treatments for diabetes type 1 include wearing an insulin pump or injecting insulin.

(2) Your cells become insensitive to insulin making it difficult for the glucose to be used up as energy. This is commonly known as insulin resistance which is a precursor to diabetes type 2.

Here are 2 primary reasons why obese people are more at risk at developing diabetes:

(1) Obese people usually eat a lot of junk foods which contain mostly empty calories, meaning foods with low nutritional value like simple carbs, foods made with white flour, calorie-laden snacks, cakes, donuts, pizza, pastries, fast foods, potato chips, soft drinks, sugary drinks and foods which are high in salt, sugar or fats. They are also known to overindulge in foods and consequently, overeating is the outcome. This kind of eating pattern increases the likelihood of storing excess calories as fat notably in the belly area. According to research, abdominal fat results in a decrease in insulin production and secretion and as you have already read earlier, insulin deficiency results in higher levels of blood sugar resulting in diabetes type 1.

(2) Fat cells contain a hormone called resistin and this hormone makes your cells insensitive to insulin. As you already know, this condition is known as insulin resistance and it prevents glucose to be converted to energy effectively resulting in abnormally high levels of glucose in your bloodstream making you prone to developing diabetes type 2.

Excessive belly fat is nefarious for health and can trigger diabetes as well as heart diseases, high blood pressure, macular degeneration, arthritis and certain types of cancers, so you better start paying more attention to regular exercising and proper eating. It's important to note that diabetes can also be a hereditary issue, for instance if in your family many people have diabetes, your chances in getting diabetes is higher.

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